About Us


Retractions occur for a variety of reasons: contaminated samples, equipment problems, double publication, incorrect calculations, and research misconduct.

Research misconduct is defined by the Executive Office of the President, Federal Policy on Research Misconduct in the Federal Register 65(235): 76260-76264, as "fabrication, falsification or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results." Sometimes only part of the article is retracted.

Many of the retractions reported in this database are not the product of research misconduct but, they are included so that a prospective author can review the retraction and use the article knowingly. Many of the recent retractions are because the item has been previously published. The data from the Office of Research Integrity has not yet been entered. I have been sick and I regret that the file is not up to date.